Diosdado Macapagal served as the 9th President of the Philippines from 1961 to 1965. During his presidency, he implemented various policies and initiatives that had significant impacts on the country's economic, social, and political landscape. Here are some of his achievements and legacies:
- Land Reform - One of Macapagal's most significant achievements was his implementation of a comprehensive land reform program. This program aimed to distribute land to landless farmers and reduce the power of wealthy landowners. It also promoted tenant ownership and provided government support for agricultural development. This program helped improve the lives of many poor farmers and contributed to the growth of the agricultural sector.
- Economic Liberalization - Macapagal also pursued policies that aimed to liberalize and open up the Philippine economy to foreign investment. He abolished the system of import and export quotas, lowered tariffs, and allowed foreign investment in various sectors. This helped attract foreign investment and contributed to the growth of the country's economy.
- Shift to the Gregorian Calendar - Macapagal also made a historic move by changing the country's calendar from the old Spanish colonial calendar to the internationally recognized Gregorian calendar. This helped align the Philippines with the rest of the world and facilitated better international communication and trade.
- Stronger Ties with Southeast Asian Neighbors - Macapagal also pursued a foreign policy that aimed to strengthen ties with Southeast Asian neighbors. He supported the formation of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and advocated for greater regional cooperation and integration.
Overall, Diosdado Macapagal's presidency was marked by a focus on social and economic reforms, as well as promoting international cooperation and integration. His policies and initiatives continue to have an impact on the country today.
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