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Majorship LET Reviewer

LET Reviewer for English
LET Reviewer for English

1. According to this religion human beings are bound to the wheel of life which is a continual cycle of birth, death, and suffering.
A. Hinduism
B. Buddhism
C. Shintoism
D. Taoism

2. __________ is a collection of sacred hymns in archaic Sanskrit which exalt the deities who personify various natural and cosmic phenomena.
A. Dhammapada
B. Upanishads
C. Bhagavad Gita
D. Rigveda

3. This is a story of a learned Brahman named Vishnusarman who used animal fables to instruct the three dull-witted sons of a king.
A. Panchatantra
B. The Little Clay Cart
C. Gitanjali
D. On Learning to be an Indian

4. __________ dominates every scene in a Sanskrit drama and allows the audience to take part in the play and be one with the characters.
A. artha
B. rasa
C. kama
D. moksha

5. What is the rhythmical development of this excerpt from the Rigveda, ‘The Hymn of Man?’

When they divided Purusa, how many portions did them make?
What do they call his mouth, his arms? What do they call his thighs and feet?
The Brahman was his mouth, of both arms was Rajanya made.
His thighs became Vaisya, from his feet the Sudra was produced.

A. free verse
B. quatrain
C. couplet
D. octave

Read the poem below by Ping Hsin then answer questions 6 –7 

Time is a Pair of Scissors

Time is a pair of scissors
     And life, a bolt of brocade
Section by section the brocade is cut;
When the last section is done
     The scraps are committed to a bonfire.

Time is an iron whip,
     And life, a tree full of blossoms.
One by one the flowers are lashed off;
When the last on is gone,
     The fallen petals are trampled into the dirt and sand.

6. What figure of speech is used in the title?
A. simile
B. metaphor
C. personification
D. hyperbole

7. What is the central idea of the poem?
A. cruelty of time
B. impermanence of life
C. destruction of beauty
D. beauty of nature

8. All of these are Chinese genres in poetry except __________.
A. li sao
B. chueh-chu
C. shih
D. renga

9. Which is not characteristic of Chinese theater?
A. follows the unities of time, place, and action
B. conveys an ethical lesson in the guise of art in order to impress a moral truth
C. a total theater with singing, recitation of verses, acrobats, and dancing
D. there are two types of speeches – the dialogue and the monologue

10. China’s most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have influence all civilization of East Asia.
A. Confucious
B. Lao-tzu
C. Li Po
D. Tu Fu

11. A farce normally performed between the Nō tragedies
A. kabuki
B. kyogen
C. Jorori
D. bunrako

12. Yukio Mishima’s four-part epic including Spring Snow, Runaway Horses, The Temple of Dawn, and The Decay of the Angel is known as __________.
A. The House of Sleeping Beauties
B. The Sea of Fertility
C. Snow Country
D. The Wild Geese

13. He is one of the most widely translated of all Japanese writers, and a number of his stories have been made into films such as Rashomon
A. Yasunari Kawabata
B. Junichiro Tanizaki
C. Oe Kenzaburo
D. Ryunosuke Akutagawa

14. What is the atmosphere created by the image of nature when linked with the image of the woman?

Blossoms on the pear;
And a woman in the moonlight
Reads a letter there … (Buson)

A. romance
B. boredom
C. weariness
D. excitement

Read the excerpt below from Chinua Achebe’s The Voter then answer questions 15 –16.

We have a Minister from our village, one of our own sons. He said to a group
of elders in the house of Ogbuefi Exenwa, a man of high traditional title, 
“What honour can a village have? Do you ever stop to ask yourself why we
     5   should be single our of this honour? I will tell: it is because we are favoured by 
the leaders of PAP. Whether we cast our paper for Marcus or not PAP will
continue to rule. Think of the pipe-borne water they have promised us …
Besides Roof and his assistant, there were five elders in the room. An old 
hurricane with a cracked sooty glass chimney gave out yellowish light in their
     10  midst. The elders sat on very low stools. On the floor, directly in front of them,
lay two shilling pieces. Outside the moon kept a straight face. “We believe
every word you say to be true,” said Ezenwa. “We shall every one of us drop 
his paper for Marcus. Who would leave an ozo feast and go to a poor ritual 
mean? Tell Marcus he has our papers, and our wives papers, too. But what we
     15  do say is that two shillings is shameful.” He brought the lamp close and tilted
it at the moment before him as if to make sure he had not mistaken its value. 
“Yes, two shillings, it is shameful. If Marcus were a poor man which our 
ancestors forbid I should be the first to give him my paper free, as I did before.
But today Marcus is a great man. We did not ask him for money yesterday; we
     20  have climbed the iroko tree today and would be foolish not to take down all thefirewood we need.” 

15. The ‘iroko’ tree mentioned in line 20 symbolizes __________.
A. responsibilities
B. privileges
C. opportunities
D. resources

16. What ills in society are being condemned in this satirical story?
A. unqualified yet popular candidates 
B. opportunities during election campaign
C. politician’s unkept promises
D. vote-buying during elections

17. __________ is the movement organized by African writers who wished to reunite black people to their own history, traditions, and languages, to the culture which truly expresses their soul.
A. Tigritude
B. Apartheid
C. Negritude
D. Orature

18. The study of Asian literature cannot be dissociated from all of these except one.
A. history
B. religion
C. philosophy
D. politics

19. The world’s first known novel, The Tale of Genji was written by __________.
A. Lady Murasaki
B. Wu Chengan
C. Sei Shōnagon
D. Valmiki

20. The religion of this country is based on the perception of life as a process of continual change in which opposing forces, such as heaven and earth or light and dark, balance one another.
A. India
B. China
C. Japan
D. Africa

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